has pulled into
rearview mirror and vowed to overtake the electric-car pioneer with an extensive rollout of battery and hybrid models over the next five years, as well as new production facilities around the world.
The German car maker—which is the largest world-wide, with sales of 10.7 million vehicles last year—said Tuesday that it would build at least 16 electric-vehicle plants by 2025 in Europe, China and the U.S. The company expects nine of those plants to be in operation by 2020.
One of the plants would be set up at Volkswagen’s factory in Chattanooga, Tenn., with five planned for China and the remainder to be added to the three sites the company already operates in Europe.
Volkswagen aims to sell three million electric vehicles a year by 2025.
By comparison, Tesla sold 102,807 cars last year, mainly its high-end Model S family sedan and Model X sport-utility vehicle. Production of the Model 3 began last year, but Tesla has struggled to meet production goals. It has taken about 500,000 orders for the Model 3 but is well below its target of building 250,000 cars a year.
On Tuesday, Volkswagen Chief Executive
said his company, which owns a dozen brands including VW,
and Lamborghini, would launch a new electric vehicle “virtually every month” starting in 2019.
“This is how we intend to offer the largest fleet of electric vehicles in the world, across all brands and regions, in just a few years,” he said at Volkswagen’s annual media conference, according to a news release.
Global demand for electric cars is still only a tiny fraction of new-car sales, and it is far from certain that the huge investments Volkswagen and other car manufacturers are making are going to pay off.
“The absolute numbers are still small,” Mr. Müller told reporters Tuesday. “But that will change at the latest when the first models of the next e-generation come to market.”
The shift to electric comes after Volkswagen pleaded guilty in 2016 to rigging millions of diesel-powered cars to cheat emissions tests and was forced to pay about $25 billion in fines, penalties and compensation.
Now, Volkswagen is back to churning out a profit. Its net income more than doubled last year to €11.4 billion ($14.1 billion), and its revenue rose 6% to €230.7 billion. Looking ahead to 2018, Volkswagen said it expects revenue to rise as much as 5%. It expects operating return on sales to increase between 6.5% and 7.5%, compared with 7.4% last year.
The company has already invested nearly half the €50 billion it has earmarked for batteries as it ramps up electric-vehicle production to three million cars a year by 2025.
It has secured battery supply from China’s
and South Korea’s
Traditional auto makers’ aggressive push into electric cars is putting pressure on Tesla. While the technology leader is having trouble boosting production of its Model 3, Volkswagen already has a global network of more than 100 factories and years of experience.
The new electric-car plants are expected to be built inside existing factories and will use standard underlying technology to create greater scale and cut costs. It is the same strategy Volkswagen used to create savings in production of its conventional cars.
It began rolling out a standardized technology for its midsize family cars in 2012 that is now used to produce 40% of the company’s vehicles. The technology is shared by the VW brand, Skoda, Seat and some Audi models.
Using this strategy, Volkswagen’s brands are planning to launch 50 new electric models and 30 new hybrids by 2025, and to create electric versions of its entire range of more than 300 models by 2030.